If you are an algebra teacher who wants to teach quadratic functions, here are 3 quick tips you need to know.
Tip #1: To Connect The Math Vocabulary To Prior Learning
Okay, so you've probably heard this before, but as the teacher, we must connect new information to prior learning for every lesson. During the connecting activity, I find it useful to ask the students what vocabulary we can find in this example. I like to start a list: function, function notation, domain, range, evaluate, maximum, minimum, etc.
As an algebra teacher, here's what I mean: as you help them recall this information, students will begin to see how all the mathematics is related and works together.
This tip will help algebra teachers because students often feel like they are learning something new every hour of every day. This strategy will allow them the time to understand that this is only building on something they already understand. This will greatly reduce the overwhelm and shut down in your classroom.
To put this into action you should Download the free lesson plan and print or post the quick 10-minute activity and allow the students time to fill in the table and answer the questions. Then brainstorm the vocabulary needed for the lesson with your students.
Tip #2: Show The Problem Done Three Different Ways
This is all about the fact that when students make connections on their own, they not only own their learning, they are able to retain it longer and recall it easier. I am a huge believer in this method and I have personally seen the effects it has on my classroom. For quadratics, I find it helpful to have them find the vertex with a formula and graphing and then I have my students tell me which is the better method. And when is it the better method?
The most important thing to get understand this tip is when you put the problems on the board. I like to use a minimum of three. You can, as the teacher and guide, start asking questions to lead them in the right direction of understanding.
This is critical to your success because as the students realize the similarities they are gaining a concrete understanding of what the numbers mean in the real context, not just in an algorithm.
Now the thing for you to do is to create a few problems where students can complete them in different ways and put them on the board. Create questions ahead of time to lead them along.
Tip #3: Use Real Examples
The key idea with this tip is quadratics are everywhere. Pull out as many real-world examples as you can and help students identify which arcs are really quadratic and those that are not. If you would like a list of 101 uses of quadratics this site will help you out: https://plus.maths.org/content/101-uses-quadratic-equation.
You need to understand this means students will begin connecting what they are learning to real-world solutions.
This will help anyone because as students feel more connected to their learning they will take more ownership of their learning.
My advice at this point is to find some examples near your school or town that students are familiar with and integrate them into your lessons.
Once you understand the facts about teaching you can move forward with confidence - and going through these 3 tips is a great start for any algebra teacher! But as you can see, this really is just the tip of the iceberg.
One more thing before I forget. Did you know, if you really want to teach quadratic functions, this amazing new free lesson plan "the free download Graphing Quadratics Lesson Plans and 9 others" makes it super easy for you! Check it out here https://highschoolmathteachers.com/optin-algebra-lessons/
So after the last blog post all about functions (if you missed it, you can find it here), I received a few asking about statistics. So I thought I would do another round-up for you. Every resource mentioned is free below. Enjoy!
Before I begin, feel free to email me and let me know what you are teaching and I will do my best to prepare something for you too!
Gapminder is an amazing tool! It worked so well with my students. I just know you will want to use this amazing, free, online tool as well.
The first time I taught this lesson was eight years ago during an election year when political commercials were all over the place. After this lesson, the history teacher (yes, this is also a history standard in most states) pulled up some of those commercials and we had great discussions about the difference between causation and correlation and how advertisers assume we don't know the difference.
Overall my students enjoy learning about two-way tables, and it makes sense to them. It's something they feel very confident with understanding the way that we have structured this lesson so that it builds makes it very easy for students to get this knowledge down in a relatively quick amount of time.
The standard deviation lesson plan is based on the understanding of what standard deviation is calculating. This is done before they ever learn how to calculate it using technology. Understanding that standard deviation is measuring the deviation of the change off of the mean is very important in Algebra 1, and this activity is visual and straightforward for students to understand.
Teaching the concept of the line of best fit can put together a lot of strategies and skills. Today I would love to share with you a couple of my favorite worksheets and activities that engage students.
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and it was not what I would have
come up with.
Katy is told that the cost of producing x DVDs is given by C(x)=1.25x+2500. She is then asked to find an equation for C(x)x, the average cost per DVD of producing x DVDs.
She begins her work:
and finishes by simplifying both sides to get:
Is Katy's answer correct? Explain.
So I dig deeper into the meaning and I reread. I see how their example fits the standard, but I want to be able to see this and create it myself.
I believe that all most teachers are in this same boat. We are immobilized by the unknown. For so long we have understood exactly what our kiddos need to do well. We know what the tests look like. We understand the standards. And now.... There is too much unknown. It is overwhelming.
Breaking it Down
And so I begin breaking everything down. By Unit, by week, by standard, by assessment question.It gives me order and control and I feel a bit better. But I want to be careful not to forget the big picture of the Mathematical Practices. That is why I added them to my main unit pages. It is an instant reminder of the bigger picture.
I do not want to fall back into task teaching, although kids need to understand tasks. More importantly, I want to teach kids how to think, analyze and problem solve for their lives, not just in my class. If we can remember the big picture and focus on our big goals for our kids and apply it to Interpreting Functions we can achieve success for ourselves and most importantly our students. So lets jump in....
Understand the concept of a function and use function notation.
1. Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain, then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x).
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I love pi day.
This past Christmas I received a π cake mold from my oldest daughter. She knew I would love it and she was right! (I added a link to it below. It works great!)
I celebrate the pi day at school and home every March 14, so imagine the fun I have put this day together.
The following video begs the question, how many dominoes is that? Spoiler alert: the second (needed information) and third act (the answer) are at the end. This would be a great way to begin class.
Pi Day In Math Class
Is there any better day in the life of a math geek? Ok, that might be a little bit of an exaggeration, but it is a very fun day to be a math teacher.
In my class, we always eat pie on pi day. The kids bring it in, and I supply the cups, juice and paper goods. We always have a great time discovering the ratio of pi and enjoying the wonder of the randomness. The students always seem to gather interest in the wonder of numbers. Isn't that what it is all about?
The class is set up as stations with different activities depending on the mathematical level of my students. When they walk in, I am playing Pi Songs. They circulate through stations ranging from creating the music pie to measuring and finding the common ratio of pi, to pinning the tongue on Einstein. Don't forget that he shares his birthday with pi! And of course, the end of class has a memorization of the pi contest.
I always want to try something new with pi day and therefore have made necklaces by assigning each digit a different color bead, found our birthdays within pi and we have sung pi day songs. The next day, when the sugar buzz has worn off we discuss what we discovered and observed, the kids always amaze me at how much they take away from a day that would look like nothing more than high school kids at recess. I hope they have great memories of Pi day and a deeper understanding of pi.
There are some great resources online. Some of my favorites are below
Youtube.com there are some great projects done by students, perhaps have your students do the same.
Do you have a favorite π day activity that you do with your students? Please add it to the comments below! Thanks!
Interesting find while searching online
To type the π symbol, you can use your number pad on your keyboard. Hold down the alt key and type 227 on your number pad. Let go, and you have a pi symbol. Amazing. For more helpful tips on inserting math and science symbols into your documents, you can see my list here.
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Where to begin teaching functions to Algebra 1 students?
I love the idea of teaching functions at the beginning of Algebra 1 and weaving them into the curriculum to cement the concept into the minds of my students. There are functions everywhere. And if we can teach kids to see them, it will go a long way to connect them to the math. It is the perfect way to begin the year, connecting Algebra to their middle school years.
As I have begun the idea of creating a plan for next year, I have started with the scope and sequence created by the Mathematics Common Core Toolbox. And now I am searching for the best lesson plans I can find that will engage and develop an understanding of functions. Some great sites go beyond the repeated questions and algorithms and help students relate math to the real world. This will truly force understanding about what they are doing with the mathematics.
What I want my students to learn in Unit 1
(Common Core Objectives or my Core Common Standards)
Can they identify a function, do they understand the definition of a function
Can compare two functions, even if they are represented in different ways (i.e., table, graph, or situation)
Evaluate the function of a given variable
Create equations in two variables and graph
Give an appropriate domain for a function
Find inverse functions
Keep getting better (Never finished)
I am looking forward to a great year. And the more I prepare and take the great ideas I find and organize them as I find them, the less likely I am going to be regretting finding that awesome lesson a week after I have taught it. I want to force my students to work harder than I do.
I want them doing the work, processing, and thinking!